CHIEF GOVERNMENT CHEMIST

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OVERVIEW NPCC.

The National Poison Control Centre (NPCC) was established by The Government Chemist Laboratory Authority Act No 8 of 2016, to manage and coordinate poisoning incidences by providing poison information services; with the objective of reducing mortality and morbidity from poisoning in the Country. The enquiries to poison centres are usually by telephone, and involve human exposure to many possible agents, including drugs, chemicals, household agents, plants and animals. The exposure may be accidental or intentional. All routes of exposure are possible. Enquiries may be made by a healthcare professional, or a member of the public

Poisoning is when a person is exposed to a substance that can damage their health or endanger their life. All substances are potentially toxic, depending on the dose and route of exposure. Data from the Hospital Management Information System1 shows that in 2017, more than 10,000 people were admitted to hospital with poisoning in Tanzania. Most cases of poisoning happen at home, while children under 5 years of age have the highest risk of accidental poisoning.

The national poison control centre is led by Head, and performs the following functions.

  • Disseminate information to the public on poisoning.
  • Conduct laboratory analysis of poison.
  • Collect information from information nodes on diagnosis and treatment of poisoning incidences.
  • Conduct training and research on matters related to poisoning.
  • Keep record of poisoning cases and incidences and scientific information regarding poisoning.

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